Приезжая отдыхать на дачу, люди обычно стараются убежать подальше от шумного города и запертости в четырех стенах, и провести это время как можно ближе к природе, в тишине и спокойствии. Идеальным местом для обеспечения такого состояния является уединенная садовая беседка, дающая одновременно возможность побыть на свежем воздухе и укрытие от возможной непогоды. Эстетично оформленная и комфортно оборудованная беседка способна стать как усладой для глаз, так и излюбленным  местом отдыха всей семьи

1. Для чего нужна беседка

Современные беседки в большинстве своем предназначены не только для отдыха. В качестве малых архитектурных форм они являются в том числе и декоративными элементами, ярко выражающими различные стили садового дизайна. Украшение садового участка, придание ему выразительности и особой неповторимой атмосферы – немаловажная функция дачной беседки.

В настоящее время существует множество видов беседок для дачи, различающихся конструкцией, формой, размерами, применяемыми в постройке материалами. Рассмотрим их поподробнее.

2. Типы конструкций беседок

Как правило, по общей конструкции выделяют следующие основные виды беседок – открытые, полуоткрытые и закрытые.

Открытые беседки, предназначенные в основном для летнего отдыха, представляют собой простые и легкие строения, конструктивно состоящие из крыши и четырех несущих столбов из дерева или металла. Отлично подходят для украшения участков, имеющих небольшие размеры. Часто такие виды садовых беседок декорируют вьющейся растительностью наподобие плюща или винограда, которая с течением времени постепенно оплетает всю конструкцию и отлично вписывает ее визуально в ансамбль садовых зеленых насаждений.

В полуоткрытых беседках доступная потокам воздуха внутренняя территория ограничена по периметру ограждением или бортиками. Иногда просветы в таких постройках закрывают портьерами или даже стеклопакетами. Чаще всего такие беседки ставят на участках средней величины.

Закрытые беседки представляют собой практически настоящие кирпичные или деревянные домики. В их конструкцию входят двери и окна, освещение, отопление, кухонные приборы, барбекю, мангалы и другие элементы оборудования. Такие беседки, обеспечивающие отдых с комфортом абсолютно в любую погоду, уместны на участках больших и обширных.

3. Формы и размеры беседок

Среди всего огромного многообразия форм, существующих в настоящее время, можно отметить несколько основных видов беседок (фото):

  • прямоугольная – такими часто бывают навесы, постройки из дерева и кирпича, металлокаркасные беседки;

  • многоугольная (обычно количество углов составляет шесть или восемь) – эта форма нередка для полуоткрытых беседок, изготовленных из деревянных материалов или кованого металла;

  • круглая – чаще всего это классическая ротонда с крышей в виде купола;

  • комбинированная (эти виды беседок часто бывают с мангалом) – обычно сочетание разных форм используется при постройке «летних домиков», состоящих, как правило, из беседки в виде пристройки и многоугольной основной части.

При выборе формы беседки руководствуются простым принципом – все элементы и детали конструкции должны сочетаться гармонично. К примеру, дачные постройки прямоугольной формы в зависимости от материала принято украшать резными деревянными элементами, кованым орнаментом из металла, кладкой из камня. С круглыми беседками хорошо сочетаются плавные линии конструкций, сводчатые окна, арки. Беседки многоугольной формы неплохо гармонируют практически с любым типом экстерьера.

При выборе размера будущей постройки ориентируются на величину дачного участка, наличие свободной территории и ожидаемое количество одновременных посетителей беседки.

4. Из каких материалов бывают беседки?

Беседки могут быть построены на основе самых различных материалов. Основными и наиболее распространенными из них являются дерево, металл и камень (кирпич).

Самым частоприменяемым материалом для изготовления беседок, пожалуй, является дерево. Оно легко обрабатывается и позволяет создавать постройки в абсолютно любом стиле, от классических европейских до экзотического японского. Из дерева можно изготавливать замечательные элегантные беседки, настоящие произведения искусства.

Дачные конструкции из металла визуально лучше вписываются в участки с большим количеством тенистых деревьев или растительности средней высоты. Кованые металлические беседки также могут быть потрясающе красивыми.

Кирпичные или каменные беседки, как правило, ставят для организации в них летних кухонь, мангалов или барбекю. Это связано с гораздо меньшей по сравнению с деревом пожароопасностью данных материалов.

Дачная беседка – это зона отдыха, релакса и комфорта как для одного или нескольких человек, так и для больших компаний. Выбирая параметры будущей беседки, ориентируйтесь на то, чтобы в ней было хорошо и удобно всем ее ожидаемым посетителям.

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153 КОММЕНТАРИИ

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