Дачный участок надо обустраивать продуманно, с расчетом на долгие годы. Чтобы туда с удовольствием приезжали дети, внуки и их дети, следует постараться. И в решении такой задачи садовая архитектура будет играть главную роль.

Отличное решение для семейного отдыха на свежем воздухе — беседка с мангалом из дерева. В теплую погоду она станет местом для обедов, для приема гостей, для приготовления пищи и просто для того, чтобы посмотреть на падающий дождик. Даже учитывая наличие долгой зимы, смысл в такой постройке есть. Беседка обязательно станет важным элементом дачной композиции.

1. Выбор конструкции беседки

Если посмотреть внимательно на фото беседок из дерева с мангалом, можно заметить одну любопытную вещь: такие строения универсальны, они подходят практически для любого ландшафта, для какой угодно дачной композиции. Универсальность древесины общеизвестна, и тот, кто отдаст ей предпочтение для садовой постройки, никогда не ошибется.

Что же касается конкретной конструкции, то самостоятельно чертить проект можно лишь тогда, когда есть для этого специальные навыки. Стоит просто купить готовое техническое решение в ближайшем архитектурном бюро, предварительно прикинув уровень расходов и сложности постройки.

Следует обратить внимание на некоторые преимущества выбранного материала для постройки:

  • относительно невысокая стоимость древесины;
  • доступность инструментов для работы с ней;
  • короткое время для возведения строения;
  • небольшой вес постройки, не требующей капитального фундамента;
  • длительный срок эксплуатации.

2. Подбираем мангал

С мангалом рекомендуется определиться еще на этапе проектирования строения. Сложный кирпичный вариант – отличное решение, рассчитанное на долголетнюю эксплуатацию.

Передвижная металлическая конструкция также имеет свои преимущества. Она дешевле, не требует особых затрат на подготовку места, может быть демонтирована, когда в ней нет необходимости. Тем более, что по уровню функционала хороший металлический мангал не уступит встроенному.

3. Возведение постройки

Если выбран вариант: беседка с мангалом из дерева своими руками, каркасной конструкции, на столбчатом фундаменте, самое время приступать к работе.

Подготовительные работы

Первым делом надо подобрать место для беседки. Общие рекомендации:

  • строение устанавливается недалеко от дома;
  • дым от мангала не должен попадать в дом, или же покрывать большую часть участка;
  • рядом не должны находиться строения из горючих материалов, так как огонь для них представляет опасность;
  • место должно быть доступным для прохода к нему, лучше рядом с водоемов, или в саду.

4. Инструменты и материалы

Все солидные проекты обязательно сопровождаются спецификациями, в которых указывается расход материалов. Вот с ними, или с самолично составленным списком и надо отправиться в строительный супермаркет.

Что же касается инструмента, то понадобится обычный набор домашнего мастера плюс:

  • небольшая ручная циркулярная пила или электролобзик;
  • шуруповерт, который заодно может служить и дрелью;
  • ленточная либо эксцентриковая шлифмашинка и большое количество шлифовальной бумаги различных типоразмеров;
  • набор саморезов, которыми будут крепиться деревянные элементы.

5. Очистка и разметка площадки под строительство

Беседки для дачи с мангалом из дерева должны стоять на ровной и плотной поверхности. Поэтому участок следует очистить, освободив от дерна и прочих мешающих предметов. По краям строения вбиваются колышки, по которым натягивается нить.

По нити следует выкопать углубление примерно на лопатный штык, чтобы потом засыпать его песком и щебнем.

6. Фундамент и подушка

Столбчатый фундамент обустраивается просто: выкопать ямки и вставить в них заранее подготовленные столбики. Естественно, надо тщательно выверить вертикальность установки и ее высоту. Иначе поставить беседку ровно будет проблематично.

Подушку, как уже упоминалось, делают из щебня и песка. Небольшая бетонная стяжка также не будет лишней, как и залитая бетоном площадка в том месте, на котором будет стоять металлический мангал.

7. Сборка конструкции

При сборке деревянного каркаса и установке беседки на фундамент надо руководствоваться чертежами конкретной конструкции. Обычно специальных навыков для такой работы не нужно. Главное, не забыть отшлифовать наружные деревянные части до блеска.

8. Защитное и декоративное покрытие

Отшлифованную деревянную поверхность следует покрывать лаком для наружных работ. Слоев должно быть не меньше трех, перед нанесением каждого последующего предыдущий надо отшлифовать шлифбумагой на 100-400 грит. Последний слой после высыхания следует отполировать.

Постройка беседки своими руками – это не только экономия средств. Это инвестиции в будущее, это настоящее удовольствие от работы и гордость для будущих поколений семьи.

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